Ukrainian Roots Music in Canada

In nineteenth-century Ukraine, village orchestras generally consisted of three or four musicians. They played music for dancing at community events and accompanied singing during numerous rituals associated with weddings. Most groups were led by the violin, which played the melody. Accompanying rhythm and harmony was played on the tsymbaly. Rhythmic patterns were played on a variety of drums: small hand drums called resheto, or larger bass drums with an attached metal cymbal. Occasionally other instruments were also included: a second violin that doubled the melody or provided harmonic backing, or a folk flute known as the sopilka.

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